Common Name: Bottle Gourd
Scientific Name: Lagenaria siceraria
Family Name: Cucurbitaceae
Edible Uses :
- Immature fruit – cooked and used as a vegetable. They can be boiled, steamed, fried, used in curries or made into fritters.
- The pulp around the seed is purgative and should not be eaten.
- The fruit can be dried for later use.
- Leaves and young shoots – cooked and used as a potherb.
- Seed – cooked. Rich in oil, it is added to soups.
- A vegetable curd, similar to tofu, can be made from the seed.
- An edible oil is obtained from the seed. It is used for cooking.
Medicinal Uses :
- The pulp around the seed is emetic and purgative.
- A poultice of the crushed leaves has been applied to the head to treat headaches.
- The flowers are an antidote to poison.
- The stem bark and the rind of the fruit are diuretic.
- The fruit is antilithic, diuretic, emetic and refrigerant.
- The juice of the fruit is used in the treatment of stomach acidity, indigestion and ulcers.
- The seed is vermifuge. A poultice of the boiled seeds has been used in the treatment of boils.
- Taken with Achyranthes spp the seed is used to treat aching teeth and gums, boils etc.
- Extracts of the plant have shown antibiotic activity.